A series of eruptions of the Indonesia’s Mount Sinabung volcano, which has been in constant eruption since 2014, caused the January disaster, according to the World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF). But the report highlights the fragility of the region that is feeling the effects of climate change.
Sinabung makes news for the types of rock it produces and when – though, as the April 2016 eruption showed, it produces volcanic ash from the depths.
The mountain is known to rage for months on end, producing heat and smoke along the way. However, experts say that a buildup of ash debris caused by thermal activity at the base of the volcano led to it burning down.
“As always, the problem is what happens after the eruption,” the Guardian quoted the head of the Sinabung Inter-Government Coordinating Agency, Akbar Tiesdik. “People do not have shelter, do not have food, and they flee. The next thing is hunger. I, personally, was attacked in 2005, but I went back to clean up.”
Tiesdik said the area’s rising temperatures and rising humidity after an eruption may aggravate the risk of further eruptions.